Effect of Alkaline Activator Properties on Structure of Metakaolin-Based Geopolymer Samples
Pavlović, Vladimir B.
Pavlović, Vera P.
Kljajević, Ljiljana M.
Nenadović, Snežana S.
Conference object (Published version)
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Considering geopolymers as inorganic polymers, they are actually amorphous network of interlinked silicate and aluminate groups, so they could be prospective ceramic precursors for materials with defined dimensions obtained by casting and firing, but not from powder processing. In this research, the starting material is metakaolin, which was obtained by calcining domes tic kaolinite clay. Initially, four series of alkaline activators of NaOH and sodium silicate have been used. Activators present the mixtures of Na2SiO3 and solutions of NaOH, of different molarities 2M, 4M, 6M and 8M. The prepared geopolymer slurries were cast into the designated near shape at room temperature and after that at 60oC. In fact, the post-synthesis curing process (28 days) has an important role in the obtaining good characteristics of geopolymers. Densities, viscosities and refractive index of alkaline activators were determined over the temperature range 15-60oC of process of geopolymerizations. Based on t...he obtained results of investigated parameters have been selected to predict the properties of materials. All geopolymer samples were characterized by XRD, FTIR, SEM/EDS analysis and Raman spectroscopy providing complementary and valuable information of the investigated materials. This route of ceramics production has advantages associated with producing an environmental friendly, energy saving, clean new technology of geopolymer materials.
Keywords:metakaolin / geopolymers
Source:Program and the Book of Abstracts / Serbian Ceramic Society Conference Advanced Ceramics and Application VII : New Frontiers in Multifunctional Material Science and Processing, Serbia, Belgrade, 17-19 September 2018, 2018, 73-74
- Belgrade : Serbian Ceramic Society
Funding / projects:
- Synthesis, processing and characterization of nanostructured materials for application in the field of energy, mechanical engineering, environmental protection and biomedicine (RS-45012)