Energy Use and Economic Analysis of Fertilizer Use in Wheat and Sugar Beet Production in Serbia
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Increased demand for food production, influenced by the constant growth of population, resulted in the agricultural production systems that are more energy and economy intensive. The aim of this study was to evaluate the energetic and economic efficiency of sugar beet and wheat production. Attention was given to the fertilizer usage and its share in energy consumption since it can amount to 50%. Data show that energy input in wheat production was 5.84 MJ.kg(-1) and in sugar beet it was 0.93 MJ.kg(-1). The highest share of energy input both in wheat and sugar beet was observed for fertilizers, 52.45% and 46.70%, respectively. Economic analysis has shown that wheat production is a low profitable production with a net return of only 20.69 USD.ha(-1), in comparison with sugar beet production with a net return of 513.53 USD.ha(-1). Costs related to the fertilizer use prevailed in total variable and total production costs. Economic analysis has also shown that the benefit-to-cost ratio was h...igher in sugar beet production (1.33) compared to wheat production (1.03). Furthermore, it was determined that these economic indicators were less sensitive in sugar beet production than in wheat production regarding the variation of fertilizer.
Keywords:energy efficiency / sensitivity analysis / benefit-to-cost ratio / wheat / sugar beet
Source:Energies, 2020, 13, 9
- MDPI, BASEL