Natural variation of nickel, zinc and cadmium (hyper)accumulation in facultative serpentinophytes Noccaea kovatsii and N. praecox
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Baker, Alan J.M.
Article (Published version)
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Aims Data on the variability of hyperaccumulation potential of the facultative serpentinophytes Noccaea kovatsii and N. praecox on different geological substrates are scarce. The aim of this study was to assess the accumulation potential of these two species from ultramafic and non-ultramafic substrates, with special emphasis on the hyperaccumulation of Ni, Zn and Cd. Methods Samples of plants and corresponding soils were collected from 16 sites covering a wide range of geochemistry. Elemental concentrations were determined in the roots, shoots and the rhizosphere soils. The pH, particle size distribution and content of organic matter were also determined in the soil samples. Results All ultramafic accessions of both species hyperaccumulated Ni with high intraspecific variability. Only one accession of N. kovatsii from a schist soil hyperaccumulated Zn, with also a high Cd accumulation. Accumulation and translocation of Ni in both species were much higher in the ultramafic accessions, ...whereas Zn accumulation and translocation was found in both ultramafic and non-ultramafic accessions. Conclusions Ni accumulation and translocation was restricted to ultramafic populations of both species, whereas it is a species-wide trait for Zn. This study provides new and comprehensive information on the natural variation of hyperaccumulation of Ni, Zn and Cd in N. kovatsii and N. praecox.
Keywords:Pseudometallophyte / Thlaspi praecox / Thlaspi kovatsii / Ultramafic soils / Non-ultramafic soils / Metal hyperaccumulation / Serpentine
Source:Plant and Soil, 2020, 447, 1-2, 475-495
- Springer, Dordrecht
Funding / projects:
- Advanced technologies for monitoring and environmental protection from chemical pollutants and radiation burden (RS-43009)
- Plant Biodiversity of Serbia and the Balkans - assesment, sustainable use and protection (RS-173030)