Effects of Age and Sex of The Foal on The Gestation Length of Thoroughbred Mares
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The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of age and sex of the foal on the gestation length of thoroughbred mares. The study covered six stallions (of average age of 10.25 years) and 34 mares (of average age of 10.51 years) with descent records (pedigree), English Thoroughbred horses raised and actively used for breeding at a study farm called Ljubicevo, located in Serbia. The following average morphological body measures were established: body weight (473.10 kg), withers height (159.55 cm), body length (160.54 cm), chest circumference (188.00 cm), and tibia circumference (19.21 cm) were found to be within the scope of standard measures for this breed and particular ages e.g. 9 to 15. The average gestation length, regardless of the sex of the foal, was 336.57 days. The gestation of mares carrying male foals was somewhat longer (337.70 days) than of mares carrying female foals (335.80 days). The difference (1.90 days) in gestation length was not statistically significant (...P>0.05). A weak positive correlation (r(p)=0.321) was observed between the age of the mare and the gestation length (regardless of foal sex). Additionally, a medium correlation (r(p)=0.444) was observed between the mare's age and the gestation length in the case of male foals, and a very weak correlation (r(p)=0.210) in the case of female foals.
Keywords:Correlation / English thoroughbred / Foal sex / Gestation length / Mare's age
Source:Ksu Tarim Ve Doga Dergisi-Ksu Journal of Agriculture and Nature, 2020, 23, 5, 1386-1392
- Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam Univ Rektorlugu, Kahramanmaras