Influence of waterpipe mixture composition on formation of components in particulate phase of mainstream smoke
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Due to the popularization of waterpipe smoking, the differences in the smoking protocols, differences in the mixture composition and the assumption that its smoke is less harmful than cigarette smoke, it is necessary to continuously carry out the chemical composition of smoke. Main goal of this research was to define how composition of tobacco mixture (tobacco, glycerin, glucose syrup, aroma), which is combusted in waterpipe, influences on basic components in particulate phase of smoke.The protocol of smoking session in laboratory conditions was based on researches performed on belgrade's waterpipe caffes and it represents the average smoking behavior of consumers. The mainstream smoke generation and sampling of particulate phase are performed on Smoke Collection System with Vacuum. The determination of smoke components is performed in accordance with ISO. The results showed that mixture's composition has a significant influence on formation of particulate phase in the waterpipe mainst...ream smoke. There was a statistically highly significant correlation between tobacco, glycerin and glucose syrup amounts in the mixture and tested characteristics of WTS. Aroma has no statistically significant influence on the components in particulate phase of the mainstream smoke. An important conclusion is that the mixture components such as glycerin and sugar components, which provide authenticity and specificity of the waterpipe mixture, actually additionally increase the harmful effects of smoke. However, it would be difficult to maintain taste characteristics with radically decreased amount of materials which are mentioned above.
Keywords:Waterpipe / tobacco / waterpipe tobacco smoke (WTS) / particulate phase
Source:Romanian Biotechnological Letters, 2019, 24, 2, 294-300
- Ars Docendi, Bucharest