Future climatic suitability of the Emilia-Romagna (Italy) region for grape production
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Parpinello, Giuseppina P.
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Grape production is highly responsive to weather conditions and therefore very sensitive to climate change. To evaluate how viticulture in the traditional Italian wine region Emilia-Romagna could be affected by climate change, several bioclimatic indices describing the suitability for grapevine production were calculated for two future periods (2011-2040 and 2071-2100) using CORDEX (Coordinated Regional Climate Downscaling Experiment) high-resolution climate simulations under two Representative Concentration Pathways (RCP) scenariosRCP 4.5 and RCP 8.5. The projections for both of the RCP scenarios showed that most of the Emilia-Romagna region will remain suitable for grape production during the period 2011-2040. By the end of the twenty-first century, the suitability to produce grapes in Emilia-Romagna could be threatened to a greater or smaller extent, depending on the scenario. During the period 2071-2100, the entire Emilia-Romagna region will be too hot for grape production under th...e RCP 8.5 scenario. Under the RCP 4.5 scenario, changes will be milder, suggesting that the Emilia-Romagna region could still be suitable for grape cultivation by the end of the twenty-first century but would likely require certain adjustments.
Keywords:Climate change / Viticulture / Emilia-Romagna / Bioclimatic indices
Source:Regional Environmental Change, 2019, 19, 2, 599-614
- Springer Heidelberg, Heidelberg
Funding / projects:
- Faculty of Agriculture, University of Belgrade
- Fund for Young Talents of the Republic of Serbia
- info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MESTD/Integrated and Interdisciplinary Research (IIR or III)/43007/RS// (RS-43007)
- Erasmus Mundus Joint EU-SEE PENTA program