Effects of mechanical-activation and TiO2 addition on the behavior of two-step sintered steatite ceramics
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Steatite, as ceramic with composition predominantly resting on magnesium silicate, was produced from economic resources - talc, aluminosilicate clays, and either BaCO3 or feldspar as flux. Titanium dioxide was a doping agent. Four steatite mixtures were mechanically activated in a planetary ball mill for 30, 45 or 60 min, prior to the thermal treatment. Two-step sintering with initial phase set at 1350 degrees C and holding period conducted at 1250 degrees C was applied to initiate diffusion and prevent grain growth. Thereby, a high density ceramic material with low-porous submicron structure was acquired. The effects of TiO2 addition on densification, microstructure, and dielectric characteristics of steatites were monitored. The thermal stability of green mixtures was tested by differential thermal and thermogravimetric analyses. Changes in crystallinity and mineral phase composition were observed by the X-ray diffraction technique. Microstructural visualization with spatial arrangem...ents of individual chemical elements on surface of the sintered ceramics was acquired by scanning electron microscopy accompanied with EDS mapping. In order to test the possibility of employment of the obtained steatites in insulation materials, electrical measurements were conducted by recording variations of the dielectric constant and loss tangent as a function of alternations in the mix-design and the mechanical activation period.
Keywords:Sintering / Electron microscopy / X-ray methods / Microstructure-final / Dielectric properties / MgO / Insulators
Source:Ceramics International, 2019, 45, 3, 3013-3022
- Elsevier Sci Ltd, Oxford