Urban honey - the aspects of its safety
AuthorsJovetić, Milica S.
Redzepović, Azra S.
Durdić, Sladana Z.
Milojković-Opsenica, Dušanka M.
Article (Published version)
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To contribute to the development of urban beekeeping, we designed this study to obtain more information about the contamination of urban bee products with toxic metals, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and pesticides. The samples of honey (N=23), pollen (N=13), and floral nectar (N=6) were collected from the experimental stationary apiary of the Belgrade University Faculty of Agriculture located in centre of Zemun (a municipality of the Belgrade metropolitan area) in 2015 and 2016. Metals (Pb, Cd, As, Cu, Zn, Fe, Mn, Ni, Cr, and Hg) were determined with inductively coupled plasma quadrupole mass spectrometry (ICP-QMS). Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were analysed with high-performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection (HPLC-FLD). Pesticides were analysed with gas chromatography - mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The honey samples were generally within the European and Serbian regulatory limits. The levels of all the 123 analysed pesticides were below the limi...t of quantification (LOQ). Regarding PAH levels in honey, the highest content was found for naphthalene. The elevated levels of Hg and Cr and of PAHs in the pollen samples indicated air pollution. Pesticide residues in pollen, however, were below the LOQ. In nectar, metal levels were relatively similar to those in honey. Our results suggest that the investigated urban honey meets the regulatory requirements for metals, PAHs, and pesticides and is therefore safe for consumption.
Keywords:beekeeping / contaminants / pollen / urban areas
Source:Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju-Archives of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology, 2018, 69, 3, 264-274
- Inst Medical Research & Occupational Health, Zagreb
Funding / projects:
- Structure-properties relationships of natural and synthetic molecules and their metal complexes (RS-172017)
- Development of integrated management of harmful organisms in plant production in order to overcome resistance and to improve food quality and safety (RS-46008)