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Obračun troškova po aktivnostima na primeru preduzeća koje se bavi sušenjem šljiva

dc.creatorPopović, Nikola
dc.creatorVasilić, Marina
dc.date.accessioned2020-12-17T21:05:04Z
dc.date.available2020-12-17T21:05:04Z
dc.date.issued2014
dc.identifier.issn1450-8109
dc.identifier.urihttp://aspace.agrif.bg.ac.rs/handle/123456789/3553
dc.description.abstractThis paper examines the possibility of application of the activity-based costing in a company engaged in drying fruit. Activity Based Costing (ABC) was developed due to the shortcomings of traditional cost accounting systems, which was shown to have serious limitations, on one hand, and due to the need for more accurate cost price, on the other. This is of great importance for business decision making, which requires quality data and information, because the intense technical and technological progress has significantly altered the environment companies operate in. Along with this fact, major changes in cost structure occurred, which reflected through the increase of the indirect cost portion, and decrease of direct labor and material costs. Traditional cost accounting methods allocate indirect production costs using keys which are no longer appropriate for the new circumstances, and therefore typically allocate unreasonably high amount of indirect costs to those products which are produced in larger series. ABC cost accounting system firstly allocates indirect costs to pre-defined activities, and afterwards carries them to cost and profit drivers. The application of ABC costing in Serbia is at the very beginning. Having in mind that the privatization and the restructuring phase in the economy is followed by the establishment of a new management with fresh ideas, this can be a good timing for companies to introduce modern approach and modern methods of cost accounting. ABC method is very convenient for application in service companies, food processing industry, confectionery companies, driers, sugar refineries, breweries, dairies, mills etc.en
dc.description.abstractU ovom radu je ispitivana mogućnost primene obračuna troškova po aktivnostima (Activity Based Costing - ABC) na hipotetičkom primeru preduzeća tj. sušare u okviru koje se proizvode dva gotova proizvoda, suva šljiva sa košticom i suva šljiva bez koštice. Cilj ovakvog istraživanja je bio da se pokažu razlike i nedostaci u izračunavanju cene koštanja finalnih proizvoda kod tradicionalnog metoda i metode obračuna troškova po aktivnostima. Pomoću ove metode, pored toga što je izračunata cena koštanja, izračunati su i ukupni indirektni troškovi, koji su za ovu metodu od izuzetnog značaja, jer se dešavaju velike promene u strukturi troškova, a to se pre svega ogleda kroz porast učešća indirektnih troškova i smanjenje troškova direktnog rada i materijala. Primena metode obračuna troškova po aktivnostima (ABC) u Srbiji je na samom početku, a faza restrukturiranja i privatizacije preduzeća je praćena uspostavljanjem nekog novog menadžmenta sa svežim idejama, pa je ovo dobar trenutak da preduzeća uvedu moderne pristupe i moderne metode obračuna troškova. ABC metoda je veoma pogodna za primenu u onim preduzećima koja se bave uslužnim delatnostima, u prehrambenoj industriji, tehnologiji konditorskih proizvoda, sušarama, pivarama, šećeranama, mlekarama, mlinovima i sl.sr
dc.publisherUniverzitet u Beogradu - Poljoprivredni fakultet, Beograd
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MESTD/Integrated and Interdisciplinary Research (IIR or III)/46001/RS//
dc.rightsopenAccess
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/
dc.sourceJournal of Agricultural Sciences (Belgrade)
dc.subjectactivitiesen
dc.subjectdirect and indirect costsen
dc.subjectcost allocationen
dc.subjectcost accountingen
dc.subjectdrieren
dc.subjectaktivnostisr
dc.subjectdirektni i indirektni troškovisr
dc.subjectalokacija troškovasr
dc.subjectsistemi obračuna troškovasr
dc.subjectsušarasr
dc.titleActivity-based costing on the example of prune-drying companyen
dc.titleObračun troškova po aktivnostima na primeru preduzeća koje se bavi sušenjem šljivasr
dc.typearticle
dc.rights.licenseBY-SA
dc.citation.epage373
dc.citation.issue3
dc.citation.other59(3): 363-373
dc.citation.rankM51
dc.citation.spage363
dc.citation.volume59
dc.identifier.doi10.2298/jas1403363p
dc.identifier.fulltexthttp://aspace.agrif.bg.ac.rs/bitstream/id/2146/3550.pdf
dc.identifier.rcubconv_1835
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion


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