Changes of Hydrogen Peroxide and Radical-Scavenging Activity of Raspberry during Osmotic, Convective, and Freeze-Drying
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AuthorsNovaković, Miroslav M.
Jovanović, Predrag M.
Suznjević, Desanka Z.
Article (Published version)
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This study was conducted to investigate the influence of different drying treatments on antioxidant (AO) activity and phenolic content of raspberry (Rubus idaeus), cultivar Willamette. Whole raspberry fruits were dried convectively (air-drying), osmotically, and freeze-dried. Acetone-water extracts of fresh and dried raspberries were assessed for total phenolic content by standard Folin-Ciocalteau method. Two AO assays were applied, a recently developed direct current (DC) polarographic assay based on decrease of anodic oxidation current of hydrogen peroxide and widely used radical scavenge against the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH). Strong correlation has been obtained between both AO assays and total phenolic content. In addition, some individual phenolic compounds present in raspberry have been assessed using DPPH and DC polarographic assay. Comparison and evaluation of drying methods has been based on preservation of AO activity and total phenolic content. Obtained results co...nfirmed superiority of freeze-drying; convective drying caused slight changes while osmotic dehydration showed a significant decrease of phenolic compounds and AO activity. Practical Application Optimization of drying process could be based on surveying of AO activity.
Keywords:antioxidant activity / drying / hydrogen peroxide / polarography / raspberry
Source:Journal of Food Science, 2011, 76, 4, C663-C668
- Wiley, Hoboken
Funding / projects:
- Content of bioactive components in small and stone fruits as affected by cultivar specificities and growing conditions, and obtaining biologically valuable products by improved and newly developed technologies (RS-31093)
- Modulation of antioxidative metabolism in plants for improvement of plant abiotic stress tolerance and identification of new biomarkers for application in remediation and monitoring of degraded biotopes (RS-43010)
- Natural products of wild, cultivated and edible plants: structure and bioactivity determination (RS-172053)