Reticulation of aqueous polyurethane systems controlled by DSC method
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The DSC method has been employed to monitor the kinetics of reticulation of aqueous polyurethane systems without catalysts, and with the commercial catalyst of zirconium (CAT(R) XC- 6212) and the highly selective manganese catalyst, the complex Mn(III)diacetylacetonemaleinate (MAM). Among the polyol components, the acrylic emulsions were used for reticulation in this research, and as suitable reticulation agents the water emulsible aliphatic polyisocyanates based on hexamethylendoisocyanate with the different contents of NCO-groups were employed. On the basis of DSC analysis, applying the methods of Kissinger, Freeman-Carroll and Crane-Ellerstein the pseudo kinetic parameters of the reticulation reaction of aqueous systems were determined. The temperature of the examination ranged from 50 degrees C to 450 degrees C with the heat rate of 0.5 degrees C/min. The reduction of the activation energy and the increase of the standard deviation indicate the catalytic action of the selective cat...alysts of zirconium and manganese. The impact of the catalysts on the reduction of the activation energy is the strongest when using the catalysts of manganese and applying all the three afore-said methods. The least aberrations among the stated methods in defining the kinetic parameters were obtained by using the manganese catalyst.
Keywords:aqueous polyurethanes / selective catalyst / differential scanning calorimetry / pseudo activation energy
Source:Sensors, 2006, 6, 5, 536-545
- MDPI, BASEL