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Korelaciona povezanost prinosa i kvaliteta ploda breskve sa nekim fenološkim fazama

dc.creatorRakonjac, Vera
dc.date.accessioned2020-12-17T18:36:05Z
dc.date.available2020-12-17T18:36:05Z
dc.date.issued2005
dc.identifier.issn0534-0012
dc.identifier.urihttp://aspace.agrif.bg.ac.rs/handle/123456789/1073
dc.description.abstractRipening time of peach cultivars that are grown up in our country is extended over a time period of almost four months. In addition to that, one of more important objectives of the peach breeding is creation of the cultivars having either very early or very late ripening time. Our so far experience is that the peach cultivars which ripening time is in the extremes is of lower fruit quality. The aim of this study, therefore, was to determine relationship and the nature of the dependence between flowering time or ripening time from one side and yield, yield components (initial and final fruit set, fruit weight and stone weight) and chemical composition of fruit (content of total dry matter, content of soluble solids, content of total, invert and reduced sugar and content of total acid) on the other side. Twenty peach cultivars each having a different ripening time were using as material. The relationship between characteristics was determined on the basis of values of genetic and phenotypic correlation coefficients. Genetic and phenotypic coefficients of correlation were calculated based on the results of monofactorial analysis of covariance where the years considered as replications. It was confirmed that flowering time was positive genetic and phenotypic correlated with initial fruit set and with final fruit set. The existence of significant genetic and phenotypic correlation between ripening time and fruit weight, between ripening time and dry matter content and between ripening time and soluble solid content represented difficulty in creation of new peach cultivars of early ripening time and improved fruit quality .en
dc.description.abstractVreme sazrevanja sorti breskve koje se gaje u našoj zemlji proteže se gotovo na četiri meseca. I pored toga, jedan od važnih ciljeva u oplemenjivanju ove vrste voćaka je stvaranje sorti veoma ranog ili veoma kasnog vremena sazrevanja. Dosadašnje iskustvo pokazalo je da se sorte breskve ekstremne po vremenu sazrevanja odlikuju slabijim kvalitetom plodova. Upravo stoga, cilj ovog rada je bio da se utvrde relacije i priroda zavisnosti vremena cvetanja ili vremena sazrevanja s jedne strane i prinosa, komponenti prinosa (broj zametnutih i broj ubranih plodova, masa ploda i masa koštice) i hemijskog sastava plodova (sadržaj ukupnih i rastvorljivih suvih materija, sadržaj ukupnih invertnih i redukujućih šećera i sadržaj ukupnih kiselina) s druge strane. Kao materijal korišćeno je 20 sorti breskve različitog vremena sazrevanja. Povezanost osobina utvrđena je na osnovu vrednosti koeficijenata genetičke i fenotipske korelacije. Koeficijenti genetičke i fenotipske korelacije izračunati su na osnovu rezultata monofaktorijalne analize kovarianse, gde su godine uzete kao ponavljanje. Ustanovljeno je da je vreme cvetanja bilo pozitivno i veoma značajno genetički i fenotipski korelisano sa brojem zametnutih plodova i brojem ubranih plodova. Postojanje značajnih genetičkih i fenotipskih korelacija između vremena sazrevanja i mase ploda, vremena sazrevanja i sadržaja ukupnih suvih materija i vremena sazrevanja i sadržaja rastvorljivih suvih materija predstavlja teškoću u stvaranju sorti breskve ranog vremena zrenja sa poboljšanim kvalitetom ploda.sr
dc.publisherDruštvo genetičara Srbije, Beograd
dc.rightsopenAccess
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.sourceGenetika
dc.subjectpeachen
dc.subjectyielden
dc.subjectfruit qualityen
dc.subjectphonological phasesen
dc.subjectgenetic and phenotypic coefficients of correlationen
dc.titleCorrelative relation of yield and fruit quality with some phenological phases in peachen
dc.titleKorelaciona povezanost prinosa i kvaliteta ploda breskve sa nekim fenološkim fazamasr
dc.typearticle
dc.rights.licenseBY-NC-ND
dc.citation.epage208
dc.citation.issue3
dc.citation.other37(3): 199-208
dc.citation.spage199
dc.citation.volume37
dc.identifier.fulltexthttp://aspace.agrif.bg.ac.rs/bitstream/id/65/1070.pdf
dc.identifier.rcubhttps://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_agrospace_1073
dc.identifier.rcubconv_3636
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion


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